House cap belonging to a 'tabbaart' type of house coat.

Night cap, Nederlandish, 1700-1750 (cotton twill, embroidered with wool). Colour plate p. 53 in the bi-lingual book by Bianca du Mortier Chapeau Chapeaux Hoeden 1650-1960, 40 hoeden uit de verzameling van het Rijksmuseum; Chapeau Chapeaux Hats 1650-1960, 40 hats from the collection of the Rijksmuseum, Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam 1997.

Vermeer house: see tabbaard or tabbert, in the great hall, room I. The house cap (not mentioned in the inventory) was combined with the tabberd or with a Japan style house coat as house dress for the cold season, in which Dutch houses were seldom heated sufficiently. Visitors from abroad noted this Dutch frugality in their diaries.

(See another example under Notary office).


Note: Photo Copyright Rijksmuseum Foundation. The Rijksmuseum has graciously assisted in this project Digital Home of Johannes Vermeer. The author was given permission to make a selection in the vast photo archive and this material has been made available by the Rijksmuseum.

This object was not part of the Vermeer-inventory as listed by the clerk working for Delft notary public J. van Veen. He made this list on February 29, 1676, in the Thins/Vermeer home located on Oude Langendijk on the corner of Molenpoort. The painter Johannes Vermeer had died there at the end of December 1675. His widow Catherina and their eleven children still lived there with her mother Maria Thins.

The transcription of the 1676 inventory, now in the Delft archives, is based upon its first full publication by A.J.J.M. van Peer, "Drie collecties...", Oud Holland, 1957, pp. 98-103. My additions and explanations are added in square brackets [__]. Dutch terms have been checked against the world's largest language dictionary, the Dictionary of the Dutch Language (Woordenboek der Nederlandsche Taal , or WNT), which was begun by De Vries en Te Winkel in 1882.

In 2001 many textile terms were kindly explained by art historian Marieke de Winkel.


This page forms part of a large encyclopedic site on Vermeer and Delft. Research by Drs. Kees Kaldenbach (email). A full presentation is on view at

Launched December, 2002; Last update March 2, 2017.

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